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In addition to maintaining the right water chemistry, a pool pump and filter help keep your water clean, clear and ready for summertime fun. Learn about different types of filters Hook up pool filter see an example of how to install a sand pool filter for an above-ground pool. Basic operation is similar for different types of pool filter systems. A pool filter pump draws water from the pool and pushes it through filter media or material to remove debris and other particles.
The filtered water is then returned to the pool. Depending on the type of pool filter, the debris can be flushed from the system or rinsed from the filter. There are three types of swimming pool filters: sand filters, cartridge filters and diatomaceous earth DE filters. A sand filter uses a traditional means of keeping pool water clear. Water runs through pool filter sandwhich traps particles as small as 20 to 40 microns.
A pool cartridge Hook up pool filter system forces water through a spun-polyester cartridge to keep the water clear. The material is pleated to create more surface area. Cartridge filters can capture particles down to the to micron range. A diatomaceous earth DE filter cleans pool water by running it through a grid coated with DE — a very fine powder composed of the fossilized shells of microscopic organisms. DE should not be inhaled. Your area may have regulations around disposal of DE. Plan the location for your pool filter system carefully — once you have it set up, it'll be difficult to move.
Start by checking for local codes and homeowners association regulations that may apply. Here are some additional factors to keep in mind:. Before connecting the pump to power, consult your manual for any steps needed to correctly bond and ground the pump motor.
All wiring should be done by a d electrical professional according to electrical codes. Some pool filter pumps plug into an outdoor receptacle, while some must be wired into the electrical system. Some above-ground pool kits include a filter pump. Unpack and familiarize yourself with the pump system parts.
Check the manual — there may be some parts that were partially assembled for packing but need to be reassembled for proper installation. Secure the drain assembly at the bottom of the filter tank if applicable. Make sure the gaskets are properly placed. There may be one for the tank interior and one for the exterior of the tank. If your system includes a pre-filter or leaf trap, attach it to the pump as directed. Make sure the ports on the pump are oriented correctly and attach the pump to the base plate if applicable with the included hardware.
If your system includes fittings or adapters for the pump ports, wrap the thre of the fittings with plumbers tape and attach them to the correct ports. Attach the included hoses.
There may be hose clamps you secure with a screwdriver or a screwdriver and wrench. Or there may be hose nuts that let you hand-tighten the hoses onto the fittings. Place the standpipe in the filter tank according to the instructions.
There may be laterals you need to attach to the bottom of the standpipe inside the tank, or the laterals may be attached already. If your filter system included a temporary cover to keep sand out of the standpipe, place it over the top of the standpipe. Otherwise, secure a plastic bag over the top of the standpipe with a rubber band or cover it with duct tape.
Note the minimum and maximum levels for sand for your system and add the sand to the correct level according to the filter instructions. Too much sand will damage the system. Clean off the lip at the top of the filter tank. Use a garden hose to add water to the filter tank until the level is just below the standpipe opening.
Depending on your filter, the instructions may tell you to add only a portion of the sand, spread it evenly and then add some water before adding the rest of the sand to the recommended level. Follow the instructions for your system. Make sure the standpipe opening is blocked before adding sand.
Check that the ports on the valve e. If your system included O-rings, gaskets or adapter fittings for the valve, install them as directed, being careful not to overtighten. You may need to apply plumbers tape to the thre of the fittings.
Some pumps have different discharge ports for different types of filters sand, DE or cartridge. Check your manual to determine which port is suitable for your filter type. Install the provided cap on the other port. Add short segments of pipe Hook up pool filter the adapter fittings to connect the unions. The fitting and hoses may be included with your pool kit. Follow your pump system instructions on how to operate the system correctly and safely.
Here are some examples:. View All How-Tos. Buying Guides. View All Buying Guides.
View All Inspiration. View All Calculators. How to Install a Pool Filter.
By Marc M. Date Published: April 7, Outdoor Living. Types of Pool Filters. Sand Filters. Cartridge Filters. DE Filters. Caution DE should not be inhaled. Choosing a Pool Filter Location. Here are some additional factors to keep in mind: The system needs a level, rigid surface.
Local codes may specify electrical requirements, but in general you need access to an outdoor grounding-type electrical receptacle with a ground-fault circuit interrupter GFCI. The receptacle should be at least 6 feet from the pool and within reach of Hook up pool filter pump cord. Follow any codes that govern placement of the pump in relation to the pool. The location should allow you easy access for filter system maintenance.
The pump needs good air circulation to help keep the motor cool and needs protection from excess moisture and flooding. A straight hose or pipe running directly from the filter system to the pool works best. For sand and DE filters, think about where you can pump wastewater when backwashing the system.
Local regulations may prohibit wastewater from entering storm drains. Your manual may have specifications for the height of the pump location in relation to the pool water to allow for priming the pump. Caution Before connecting the pump to power, consult your manual for any steps needed to correctly bond and ground the pump motor.
Installing a Pool Filter. Tip Some above-ground pool kits include a filter pump. Step 1: Unpack and Check the Parts. Step 3: Secure the System to the Base Plate. Tip Some areas require you to secure the pump and filter to the ground. Step 4: Set Up the Pump. Step 5: Set Up the Filter Tank. Step 6: Add the Filter Sand and Water. Tip Depending on your filter, the instructions may tell you to add only a portion of the sand, spread it evenly and then add some water before adding the rest of the sand to the recommended level.
Step 7: Install the Filter Valve. Step 8: Install the Remaining Hoses or Pipe. Attach the deated hoses or PVC pipe : From the pump suction port to the pool skimmer or pool suction outlet From the pump discharge port to the pump port on the valve From the return port on the valve to the inlet fitting on your pool Make sure the hoses or pipes in the system are supported to reduce stress on the connections.
Pool Filter Operating Tips. Here are some examples: Make sure the pump is primed before starting your filter system. Always turn the pump off before changing the valve setting. Moving the valve with the pump running will damage the valve.
Turn the pump off and set the valve to filter. Turn the pump on and record the PSI pounds per square inch reading on the filter pressure gauge. Check your manual to find the PSI level that indicates you need to backwash the filter. Make sure to keep the pool water at the proper level.
Operating the filter with the water level too low will damage the pump. Never block the pool suction. Repair or replace damaged or missing pool suction components or covers before using the pool. View All Articles.Hook up pool filter
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How to Install a Pool Filter